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Infection Control

Information and signage to prevent the spread of infection in your health care facility.

COVID-19 posters for entrance of health care settings

Handwashing poster for health care settings

Personal protective equipment

  • Patients under investigation should be managed with contact and droplet precautions 
  • Nasopharyngeal (NP) swabs and throat swabs can be performed using contact and droplet precautions, and HCW must wear gown, gloves, surgical/procedural mask and eye protection (face shield or goggles) and do not require the use of an N95 respirator.
  • Airborne precautions including N95 respirators with gown, gloves, surgical/procedural mask and eye protection (face shield or goggles) should be used during aerosol-generating medical procedures 
  • Download the Respiratory protection guidance (PDF).

Steps for putting on (donning) personal protective equipment

  1. Hand hygiene – Clean all surfaces of hands and wrists.
  2. Gown – Cover torso and wrap around back, fasten in back of neck and waist.
  3. Surgical/procedure mask – Secure ties in middle of head and neck, fit nose band to your nose and pull on bottom down to completely cover chin.
  4. Eye protection – Place googles or face shield over face and eyes and adjust to fit.
  5. Gloves – Extend to cover wrist of gown
Download the 5 steps to Don (put on) Personal protective equipment (PPE) poster (PDF).

Steps for taking off (doffing) personal protective equipment

  1. Gloves – Remember, the outside of gloves are contaminated. Grasp palm area of one gloved hand and peel off first glove. Slide fingers of hand under other glove at wrist and peel off. Discard in regular waste.
  2. Perform hand hygiene – Clean all surfaces of hands and wrists.
  3. Gown – Unfasten ties, pull gown away from neck and shoulders, touching ONLY the inside of the gown. Turn gown inside out and roll into a bundle. Discard in regular garbage.
  4. Perform hand hygiene – Clean all surfaces of hands and wrists.
  5. Goggles or face shield – Do NOT touch the front of them. Discard in regular garbage or put in receptacle for reprocessing.
  6. Perform hand hygiene – Clean all surfaces of hands and wrists.
  7. Surgical/procedure mask – Grasp ties or elastics at back and remove WITHOUT touching the front. Discard in regular garbage.
  8. Perform hand hygiene – Clean all surfaces of hands and wrists.
  9. Exit room – AFTER cleaning all surfaces of hands, exit room.


Cleaning and disinfecting physician offices

Cleaning products and disinfectants that are regularly used in hospitals and health care settings are strong enough to deactivate coronaviruses and prevent their spread. Cleaning of visibly
soiled surfaces followed by disinfection is recommended for prevention of COVID-19 and other viral respiratory illnesses. Download the Environmental Cleaning and Disinfectants for Physicians’ Offices poster (PDF).

Agents effective against coronavirus:

  • Bleach: sodium hypochlorite (5.25%)
    • 550 ppm (10mL bleach to 990mL water) - Used for disinfecting surfaces and medical equipment (e.g. counters, door knobs, stethoscope, BP cuff). Allow surface to air dry naturally
    • 1000 ppm  (20mL bleach to 980mL water) - Used for disinfecting surfaces contaminated with bodily fluids and waste (e.g. vomit, diarrhea, mucus, feces) (after cleaning with soap and water first). Allow surface to air dry naturally.
  • Accelerated hydrogen peroxide (0.5%) - Used for cleaning and disinfecting surfaces and medical equipment.
  • Quaternary Ammonium Compounds (QUATs) - Used for cleaning and disinfecting of surfaces (e.g., floors, walls, furnishings).
For information about personal protective equipment (PPE), how to put it on and take it off, visit the personal protective equipment page.

For further details on infection prevention and control guidelines in critical care visit the hospital and critical care page.

If you are seeking consultation or have further questions about novel coronavirus as a health care provider or for a health care facility, contact your local public health unit. 
SOURCE: Infection Control ( )
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