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Case Definition

Confirmed Case
  • Laboratory confirmation of infection with or without symptoms: 
    • Culture isolation of a Salmonella spp. from an appropriate clinical specimen.

Probable Case
  • Laboratory evidence of infection with or without symptoms: 
    • Detection of Salmonella spp. by PCR from an appropriate clinical specimen. 
Suspect Case
  • Clinical illness in a person who is epidemiologically linked to a confirmed case. 

Definition of clinical illness
Clinical illness is characterized by diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, and sometimes vomiting.  Asymptomatic infections may occur, and the organism may cause extra-intestinal infections.

Note: This may include Typhie and Paratyphi.  Typhoid and Paratyphoid fever have separate definitions as well. 

Appropriate clinical specimens:
  • Appropriate clinical specimensinclude sterile site, deep tissue wounds, stool, vomit, urine, or blood.

SOURCE: Salmonella ( )
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