In most cases, the illness lasts less than two weeks, and does not require special medical treatment. Complications of this disease are rare and are more likely to happen with people who have weakened immune systemsm, including pregnant women. These complications include:
- inflammation of the lungs
- neurologic problems
- inflammation of the heart
Most people who get Q fever get well without any special medical treatment. The fatality rate for untreated cases is less than one per cent. However, in a very few cases a patient can develop hepatitis or liver disease and jaundice, a yellowing of the skin and darkening of the urine. In these cases, antibiotics are used to treat Q fever.