COVID-19 doesn't appear to be transmitted by eating food contaminated with the virus, however, it is important to wash your hands before preparing or eating food.
The way we purchase groceries has changed during the COVID-19 pandemic. Stores selling food are an essential service. Physical distancing and good hygienic practices must be in place to prevent the spread of COVID-19 among customers. Customers can protect themselves and others by following these practices when shopping:
- Do not shop if you are ill.
- Shop alone to limit COVID-19 exposures to other family members.
- Keep a 2 metre distance from other customers while waiting in line outside the store and while shopping inside the store
- Be quick - limit time in the store only to selecting your items and paying for your purchases
- Respect designated store hours for the elderly, immunocompromised or disabled people, and for hospital workers and first responders
- Follow store policies and follow signs instructing you how to move through-out the store
- Touch only the fresh fruits and vegetables that you plan to purchase
- Take only the groceries that you need
- Wash your reusable grocery bags or avoid using them for now.
- Pack your groceries into your bags yourself if you are able.
- Use tap purchase to avoid handling cash
- Use alcohol based hand rubs in the store for your hands and disinfectant wipes on grocery store cart handles
- Wash your hands after shopping and after putting away groceries
Does cooking kill the COVID-19 virus?
Normal cooking temperatures for foods will kill COVID-19 and other microbes in food. As with other microbes our advice is to always use a thermometer to check that the internal temperature of the food has reached 74°C.
Does the COVID-19 virus grow on food? Should I be concerned about storing foods in my cupboard, fridge, or freezer?
COVID-19 is a virus and does not grow. It may survive in foods and on surfaces for a few hours to a few days before it dies off. However, it is not believed that the virus is transmitted by eating contaminated food. The virus is transmitted by droplets
spread from a sick person. If the COVID-19 virus is on the surface of a food and stored in a cupboard, fridge, or freezer, there is no evidence that it can grow or multiply further.
We do not know if the virus that causes COVID-19 can survive refrigerator or freezer temperatures. Similar coronaviruses have been shown to survive in refrigerators and freezers for weeks and it is likely the new virus can also persist in cold environments.
The virus is not believed to be transmitted by eating food because it is destroyed during digestion by the acids in your stomach. The greater risk is getting the virus on your hands and then touching your eyes, nose or mouth. There are no special precautions needed when storing food, but we recommend washing your hands after putting away food you have purchased and before preparing food.
Can the COVID-19 virus be passed on by eating or touching ready to eat foods made by others?
There is no evidence that COVID-19 is spread through food made by infected people. COVID-19 is spread from person-to-person through respiratory droplets. There is a theoretical risk that a person infected with COVID-19 could spread the virus by sneezing on food or by directly touching food with their hands. However, there have been no cases reported of such transmission with COVID-19. To be safe, if you are sick with COVID-19, do not prepare or handle food for others.
Use good hygiene practices when handling food. Avoid bare hand contact. For example, use utensils, deli napkins, or dispensing equipment to handle food. We recommend frequent hand washing with plain soap and water to reduce risk of transmission if you are preparing foods.
When handling foods at home, make sure to wash your hands
with soap and water:
- Before, during and after preparing foods,
- After handling any raw foods,
- Before eating foods,
- After using the washroom,
- After touching pets,
- After changing diapers, and
- After wiping runny noses or any hand contact with your face or your child’s face.
Can COVID-19 be passed on by eating or touching raw fruits and vegetables?
There is no evidence that COVID-19 is spread through eating or touching raw fruits or vegetables. When preparing fresh fruits and vegetables, wash or scrub them under cold, running, potable tap water prior to consumption.
Prevent cross contamination by
- keeping fruits and vegetables separate from raw foods, and
- at the grocery store, only handle (touch) the fresh fruits and vegetables that you plan to buy (as a courtesy to other customers) and to limit any hand transfer of germs